FUT (Follicular Unit Transplant)


 

The following response was posted to our Hair Loss Social Community and Discussion Forums by Ailene Russell, Clinical Supervisor for Dr. Jerry Cooley who is a member of the Coalition of Independent Hair Restoration Physicians:

I found that follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS) is very affordable: less then half the cost of follicular unit extraction (FUE). I know how they are different and I know that FUE is the preferred method. However, I need your advice as to which method I should choose, considering the cost benefit trade off.

indexIn my opinion, if you don’t plan to shave your head, the method of harvesting is not an issue and I have seen many FUE procedures that, if the head were shaved, would be obvious.

Many things depend on the individual’s body and the way it heals and the contrast between skin and hair color. If you harvest 3 to 4 thousand FUE grafts and shave the head, it looks a little diffusely thin at best and the small round white scars can be more apparent. If it is a small procedure, this is not usually an issue except the contrast question.

Sometimes it is a matter of less expense with a strip but please research. This has to be a good decision for you that you can live with. Both will give you hair where you don’t have it now! No hair restoration physician can absolutely know how you will heal but most want the best for their patients.

This question, from a member of our hair loss social community and discussion forums, was answered by a staff physician from Coalition hair transplant clinic Shapiro Medical:

I’m close to committing to a 2nd follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS) in order to put as much hair in my vertex area as possible, but it likely wont be enough for a nice illusion of density unless I get scalp micropigmentation (SMP) or beard filler added later. But, those options are icing on the cake and I have to get the hair transplanted first.

I know some hair transplant surgeons will combine scalp donor with beard donor during their follicular unit extraction (FUE) procedure, but since I can yield more grafts from strip and it’s less expensive, I’m really tempted to do that in order to maximize my harvest from the scalp. But I want to make sure that if this strip leaves no more donor hair available on my scalp (which cannot be predicted for sure), that an FUE surgeon would be able to do a “beard filler only” FUE session.

Does anyone know the answer to this question? Can any surgeon here comment?

British_Beard_Mous_2340817kBeard hair can be an excellent source of “filler” hair once you have exhausted all of your available donor hair but you will never want to use it in a highly visible area such as the hairline. Beard hair is still very unpredictable in its yield and in its overall “value” in the final result.

This question comes from a member of our hair loss social community and discussion forums: 

I’m looking into hair transplant surgery. However, I hear hair transplant patients talking about “shock loss,” and it’s making me nervous. What is shock loss? How can a surgery to give me more hair cause hair loss? Is this hair loss permanent?

FUE shock lossThere are two types of shock loss: permanent and temporary.

Temporary shock loss occurs when strong, permanent follicles are exposed to trauma. The follicles are “shocked” into a temporary resting state (“telogen”) and return to normal function after a slightly prolonged dormant period. Usually, around 3-5 months. This happens most commonly in the donor area during hair transplant surgery.

Permanent shock loss occurs when weakened, pseudo-miniaturized follicles are exposed to similar trauma. These follicles are already “on their last leg,” and the stress pushes them over the edge. This causes “permanent shock loss” that does not grow back. This happens almost exclusively in the recipient area during hair transplant surgery. The zones surrounding the transplanted area are filled with these weakened, androgenic alopecia-affected follicles. The strain from the surgery is too great and the follicles simply can’t bounce back. It’s important to know that these follicles were going to fall out regardless. However, the shock loss simply speeds the process up.

I am going to have a hair transplant soon, however I have a few questions. I have been told that follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS) with trichophytic donor closure leaves a very fine scar that would allow me to shave my head down to a 2 or 1 grade and follicular unit extraction (FUE) scaring is still noticeable when the hair is cut at low levels. Is this true? If I shave my head down, I don’t want a million small bump scars.

admin-ajax.phpShaving the head is off the table for all strip patients unless they don’t mind displaying the scar. Most FUE patients will not be able shave with a razor either as all surgery results in some scarring. The FUE scars won’t be bumps but tiny visible dots. FUE scars typically allow a much closer buzz cut but there are no guarantees. There are many factors at play including your skin type and healing characteristics.

I have a very good quality strip scar that was closed with a trichophytic closure. With a #3 guard my scar is mildly detectable. Anything lower and it’s obvious. I’ve heard some guys say that they can get away with a #2.

Many patients are opting for FUE these days because yield and session sizes have increased substantially over the last few years and they want the option of a closely buzzed haircut. Others prefer to maximize the number of strip procedures they can get before turning to FUE to exhaust all possible donor grafts. In many cases, the scar can be concealed with FUE using either scalp or body hairs or with scalp micropigmentation.

This hair loss question  was answered by Dr. Paul Shapiro who is a member of the Coalition of Independent Hair Restoration Physicians.  

Dr. Shapiro, are your graft survival rates for follicular unit extraction (FUE) hair transplants coming close to your strip results?

0_7188Your question about graft survival is a good one but the answer is complex. When we talk about the survival of our surgeries we are honestly going by gut feeling and what we know should look like 95% survival.

To truly know the survival of a transplanted area, the area needs to be tattooed and photographed prior to surgery. The pre-surgery photo gives us a count of the hairs present before surgery. Then the incisions made need to be photographed and counted. Lastly, the grafts need to be planted and can be re-photographed. Most studies done this way are done using 1 sq cm tattooed boxes. In a year we can then take a photo of the tattooed area and count the number of hairs. And, even using this method is not accurate because about 10 to 15 of a person’s hair is in the catagen stage and cannot be seen.The only way to really measure survival is to transplant onto a completely bald head and mark out sq cm areas with a tattoo.

This question, from a member of our hair loss social community and discussion forums, was answered by Coalition hair transplant surgeon Dr. Bijan Feriduni:

Dr. Feriduni, In your experience, how wide is the average hair transplant strip scar in mm?

Dr_Feriduni_photoA linear hair transplant scar is always influenced by various factors and those factors are often decisive in the outcome of a linear scar, such as:

Patient factors:

  • Patient’s age (in general better scar results in older patients)
  • Smoking or non-smoking patient
  • Diseases that influence wound healing, such as Diabetes, Ehler-Danlos syndrome etc.
  • Previous surgeries

Surgical factors:

  • Area/position of the linear strip
  • Width of the linear strip – tension
  • Suture technique (single, double layer suture technique, trichophytic closure technique)
  • Experience of the hair restoration surgeon

Postoperative factors:

  • Aftercare (infection, scabbing, etc.)
  • Sports (weight lifting)

In general and under ideal conditions, a linear scar will be between 1mm and 4mm in width and invisible when the hairs are buzzed in grade 2-3. In case of a full buzz cut a linear scar will always be visible, even when the outcome is optimal, due to the scar tissue and difference in skin structure.

Kindest regards,

Dr. Bijan Feriduni
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David
Editorial Assistant and Forum Co-Moderator for the Hair Transplant Network, the Coalition Hair Loss Learning Center, and the Hair Loss Q & A Blog.

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This question, from a member of our Hair Loss Social Community and Discussion Forums, was answered by recommended hair transplant surgeon Dr. Mike Vories:

Does follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS) consistently produce better results than follicular unit extraction (FUE)?

Dr_VorriesAs a hair restoration surgeon who practiced FUSS for about seven years before switching to FUE, I do not believe that strip surgery delivers “healthier” grafts compared to FUE, or that strip has better graft survival than FUE. I do believe that FUSS grafts that are hand placed are more likely to survive compared to hand placed FUE grafts, due to the skeletal morphology of FUE grafts in comparison.

Grafts placed with implanter pens remove this variable, and using them has given me equal survival with the two techniques.

Dr. Mike Vories

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David
Editorial Assistant and Forum Co-Moderator for the Hair Transplant Network, the Coalition Hair Loss Learning Center, and the Hair Loss Q & A Blog.

To share ideas with other hair loss sufferers visit the hair loss forum and social community.

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This below question was asked by a member of our Hair Loss Social Community and Discussion Forums and answered by recommended hair restoration surgeon Dr. Tejinder Bhatti.

Does anyone have any opinion as to which offers better success – hair from the beard or from the chest? From an aesthetic perspective, it appears chest hair may be a better option as it’s less visible to others than the beard. How about the quality of transplanted hair (texture specifically)? Would chest hair be equally good (or comparable from the scalp)?

Dr-Bhatti-photoBody hair is a boon for patients with a meager supply of scalp donor hair or in patients who are coming in for a revision of a poor hair transplant result. Besides rapid follicular unit extraction (FUE) harvest, body hair transplantation (BHT) is presently my favorite field!

Though follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS) is undoubtedly the Gold Standard of surgical hair restoration and shall always remain so, FUE rose in popularity due mostly to the fact that it has opened the horizons to a limitless supply of grafts by expanding the traditional donor availability. The other advantages may be debatable but this has no opposition even from die-hard strip surgeons. Thanks to FUE, the patient base has markedly increased in size. Repair cases and cases with extensive balding which were shunned earlier, can again think of getting back a “head full of hair.”

This question, from a member of our hair loss social community and discussion forums, was answered by a staff physician from Coalition hair transplant clinic Shapiro Medical:

Does transplanted hair always match in color? For example, some people begin greying around the back and sides long before they go grey up top. So is it possible before someone begins getting greys that hair grafts taken from the donor area might be due to turn grey before the native hair in the area they are transplanted to; possibly leaving the person with a noticeably unusual pattern of greys sprouting from the crown or perhaps with a rebuilt frontal hairline of almost entirely grey hair?

And, greys aside, do some people maybe have slightly darker or lighter hair color variation from back & sides compared to up top, and similarly, could this mean weird or unnatural looking crown or hairline?

grayhairmanTransplanted hairs do not always match exactly the surrounding native hairs. The color and sometimes the caliber can be slightly different.  For patients who are already starting to lose the color in their hair, sometimes we can avoid certain areas of the donor when transplanting. For patients like yourself that have not yet gone gray, it is really unknown what your the future distribution of hair color will be.

The following thorough response to a question from the Hair Restoration Social Community and Discussion Forums, was written by forum member “Gillenator”.

From the safe zone of head, how many grafts would be available total for the average male? How about just multiple sessions of follicular unit extraction (FUE)?

fue-donorA very general response for the average individual would be 5,000 – 7,000 grafts for follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS) and add another 2,000 if it is FUE.

We have to consider that donor level density, size of the donor regions, and competence of the hair restoration physician all impact these numbers.

For FUE only, this would really depend on the individual’s overall scalp density. Why? Because let’s say one individual has average density, then the average might be 6,000 -8,000 utilizing all of the scalp donor zones including the sides and parietal zones.

If you go much higher than that, then the donor zones can potentially begin to appear thin and over-harvested especially if the scalp is buzzed down. But if the individual had upper end density levels, then 8,000 plus is not out of the question.

Gillenator
Supporting Hair Restoration Physicians: Dr. Glenn Charles, Boca Raton, FL – Dr. Jerry Cooley, Charlotte, NC – Dr. Jim Harris, Denver, CO – Dr. Robert True & Dr. Robert Dorin, New York, NY

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David
Editorial Assistant and Forum Co-Moderator for the Hair Transplant Network, the Coalition Hair Loss Learning Center, and the Hair Loss Q & A Blog.

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